Rats, if you didn’t know, are rodents. They have awful front teeth that are always growing, they carry disease, they cause havoc on your home, and can even make you sick.
Rats are some of the most challenging pests out there. Rats can thrive anywhere from urban to rural areas. Learn more about the types of rats in your area and how you can prevent them from contaminating your food, damaging structures on your property, or transmit disease and parasites to you or your family.
The Two Most Common Types of Rats
Here in the tri-state area, the most common rats you’ll see are one of two varieties, the Norway rat and roof rats.
Here we learn a little more about each.
These rats have a heavy dense body and they’re covered in either a shabby brown or gray fur. The underneath of the rat is generally lighter than the top.
Norway rats are known for their small round ears, blunt noses, and small bulging black beady eyes. They can grow to about 9.5 inches in body length with the tail adding six to eight more inches.
Unlike the Norway, roof rats have thin and light bodies making them more agile. They are either dark brown or black usually with a mixture of gray mixed in. They are full grown at 6-8 inches for their body and a tail about the same length.
They are known for their pointed noses, large ears, and large, dark-colored eyes.
How Do Rats Gain Access To Your Home?
Rats look big but their bodies are actually incredible compactable. So they can fit in even the smallest of spaces.
Since roof rats have such great climbing skills they are most likely to be found in your attic or crawl space. Norway rats however, have heavier bodies and aren’t very good climbers. So, they’ll likely be found on the ground floor or in the basement.
Where Are They Hiding?
You’ll find roof rats and their offspring generally in areas with a lot of insulation. Roof rats especially will create a nest in the installation within a couple weeks,
Norway rats are most likely to be found in the perimeter of your property and can create nesting piles out of just about anything.
What Are The Most Common Signs of Rats?
You’ll want to pay attention to the overall state of your property often. This will show you exacty where you have damage and what’s causing the rats to come in.
Here are some ways to tell if there is a rat on your property:
- The sudden appearance of tapered off droppings in cabinets, in basements, attics, or anywhere else in your house.
- Finding grease streaks on your walls. These are left behind by their bodies as the scurry around.
- Finding random insulation and other construction materials shredded around your home.
- Finding pantry items, books, and other things with gnaw marks on them
How Can I Prevent Rats?
Here are a few things you can do to keep rats from coming into your home.
- Inspect the exterior of your home and seal any openings in the exterior walls or the foundation of your home.
- Trim tree limbs, shrubs, and bushes away from the exterior walls of your home.
- Make sure that all outdoor trash cans have tight-fitting lids on them.
- Place garden areas, wood piles, and compost piles a distance away from the exterior of your home.
- Remove piles of debris from your property.
Mix up your cleaner and go to town.
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